Mice Control is Important


Mice will frequently infest human structures such as homes and storage units, seeking food and shelter. These intruders create a nuisance due to noise, destructive eating and nesting habits, and a potential health threat as the carriers of disease.


Identifying Mice


Mice are covered with hair, and have short legs and a hairless, but soft looking, tail. When moving, a mouse's long body can be seen. However, when stationary, mice tend to look squat.


Their front feet have 4 toes, while their hind ones have 5. A mouse's teeth are comprised of molars and chisel-like incisors, with a gap of space due to an absence of canine teeth.


Since mice are nocturnal and shy from human activity, it is common for people to discover droppings before sighting the actual mouse. Mouse droppings are rod or pellet shaped, 1/8"-1/4" long and generally brown in color.


The Damage Mice Can Cause


While making their nests, mice seek a great variety of materials and can cause severe damage to upholstered items and paper products in the process. However, it is the potential spread of disease that creates the greatest concern.


Mice are known to spread Salmonella and tapeworm through their droppings, as well as carry ticks and mites infected with other agents. Depending on the species of mouse, there are also other disease concerns.


For example, the deer mouse is a known carrier of the hantavirus, which causes hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). This virus is not transmitted to humans from a bite, but rather from the inhalation of dust particles contaminated with a mouse's urine or fecal matter. This is a very serious, life threatening disease.


Most mice will not bite unless provoked by handling or other contact. However, a mouse bite can transmit rat bite fever.


Mice' Life Cycle


A mouse's gestation period lasts less than a month and a female mouse will have 1-10 young per litter, depending on the species and current conditions. Young mice are born blind and naked, feeding on milk for approximately 1 month before being weaned.


The young mice reach sexual maturity after 5-6 weeks and each year a mouse is capable of producing 2-4 litters. When predators are not a factor, mice can live up to 8 years.


Mice' Habits

Mice are generally socialized, living in hierarchies with one male dominating the lower ranks. All mice living in one territory will generally be related, and outsiders are usually dealt with aggressively.


Most mice are nocturnal and shy of human activity. They are generally able to squeeze through tight openings and are usually excellent climbers. Mice are also able to swim, but do not do so willingly. Although all other senses are keen, a mouse's eyesight is relatively poor, being colorblind and unable to see clearly beyond six inches.



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